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March 29, 2012

Atherosclerotic Heart Disease, Death of Whitney houston ?

"A lot of people were surprised that Whitney Houston -- according to the coroner's report -- had cardiovascular disease, but that was not surprising to me, because we knew she had a least one major risk factor for heart disease, cigarette smoking," said John Gordon Harold, MD, the president-elect of the American College of Cardiology.

The coroner said Whitney Houston died from drowning in her hotel bathtub in February, which may not have surprised those who have followed her sad history of substance abuse. But the coroner also noted that significant heart disease was a contributing factor in her death.Houston had atherosclerosis, a buildup of plaque in her arteries — a condition often associated with age and obesity.

Yet heart disease, doctors say, is a frequent consequence of abusing drugs, alcohol and tobacco. The coroner's report noted the presence of cocaine, marijuana and prescription drugs in Houston, who also was reported to be a smoker and a drinker. What exactly is atherosclerotic heart disease, and how does cocaine contribute to it?  Heart and addiction specialists weigh in below.

Atherosclerotic heart disease is a condition in which plaque hardens in the arteries and narrows them, according to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute.  This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the organs and other parts of the body and can lead to serious problems including heart attack, stroke and death.

When a person engages in cocaine use on top of suffering from advanced atherosclerotic heart disease, the impact on the heart can be devastating.  Cocaine use increases heart rate, blood pressure and causes the blood vessels to constrict, reducing the supply of blood to the heart.
Atherosclerotic heart disease occurs when the arteries going to the heart and other organs are hardened because of plaque build-up within the arteries. Atherosclerosis can lead to stroke, heart attack and death, the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute explains.

Atherosclerosis can develop into coronary heart disease, which is the No. 1 killer of American men and women, according to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Chronic kidney disease, peripheral arterial disease and carotid artery disease are other conditions that can be caused by atherosclerosis.

Symptoms of atherosclerosis can be hard to spot, since mild atherosclerosis typically doesn't have any signs, the Mayo Clinic reported. However, if the arteries are seriously clogged and hardened, the blood clot that forms in the artery can break, thereby leading to a heart attack or stroke.
Chronic heavy drinking makes the heart work increasingly harder to pump blood, and that enlarges the muscle. "The bigger it gets, the less blood it pumps and the more it tries to compensate by getting even larger," said Denisco. The end result is usually congestive heart failure.

Alcohol abuse can also affect the heart's electrical system, resulting in arrhythmia, an abnormal heartbeat. Alcohol and drug abuse are also associated with abnormal clot formation, which can lead to blood vessel blockages, heart attack and stroke.

Prescription painkillers, among the most abused substances today, don't cause the same damage to the heart. Instead these sedating drugs cause problems with breathing, which is why an overdose is potentially fatal.

Past celebrities who've died from atherosclerosis-related heart disease include Tim Russert, of TV news fame, who died in 2008 of a heart attack brought on by his atherosclerosis at age 58; and Chris Farley, a comedian, who died in 1997 of from accidental overdose of cocaine and morphine.


March 23, 2012

Face Blindness, when you can't recognize facial characteristics of individuals

Prosopagnosia also called face blindness, is an impairment in the recognition of faces, it is a very real medical condition in which an afflicted individual is unable to distinguish facial characteristics of individuals, including friends, family, or even themselves.


Reports of prosopagnosia date back to antiquity, but Bodamer's report (1947) of two individuals was a landmark paper in that he extensively described the symptoms and declared it to be distinct from agnosia. He referred to their condition as prosopagnosia, which he coined by combining the Greek word for face (prosopon) with the medical term for recognition impairment (agnosia). Since that time, more than a hundred case reports have been published.

Symptoms of Prosopagnosia 

Everyone sometimes has trouble recognizing faces, and it is even more common for people to have trouble remembering other people's names. Prosopagnosia is much more severe than these everyday problems that everyone experiences. Prosopagnosics often have difficulty recognizing people that they have encountered many times. In extreme cases, prosopagnosics have trouble recognizing even those people that they spend the most time with such as their spouses and their children.

One of the telltale signs of prosopagnosia is great reliance on non-facial information such as hair, gait, clothing, voice, and other information. Prosopagnosics also sometimes have difficulty imagining the facial appearance of acquaintances. One of the most common complaints of prosopagnosics is that they have trouble following the plot of television shows and movies, because they cannot keep track of the identity of the characters.

If you would like to assess your face recognition abilities, we currently have two tests of face recognition available. These tests include feedback on how your scores compare to the scores of people with normal face recognition.

Causes of Prosopagnosia 

Most of the cases of prosopagnosia that have been documented have been due to brain damage suffered after maturity from head trauma, stroke, and degenerative diseases. These are examples of acquired prosopagnosia: these individuals had normal face recognition abilities that were then impaired. It seems likely that more cases of acquired prosopagnosia have been published for two reasons. First, their impairment with faces is usually quite apparent to these individuals, because they have experienced normal face recognition in the past and so they quickly notice their impairment. Second, because these individual have had brain damage, they are in contact with medical doctors who have assessed their face recognition abilities. (Note that if you have experienced a noticeable decline in your face recognition abilities, you should contact a neurologist immediately. Any sudden decline may indicate the existence of a condition that needs immediate attention.)

In contrast, in cases of developmental prosopagnosia, the onset of prosopagnosia occurred prior to developing normal face recognition abilities (adult levels of face recognition are reached during teenage years). Developmental prosopagnosia has been used to refer to individuals whose prosopagnosia is genetic in nature, individuals who experienced brain damage prior to experience with faces (prenatal brain damage or immediate brain damage), and individuals who experienced brain damage or severe visual problems during childhood. However, these etiologies should be differentiated, because they are different paths to prosopagnosia and so probably result in different types of impairment; they could be referred to as genetic prosopagnosia, preexperiential prosopagnosia, and postexperiential prosopagnosia, respectively. In some cases, it may be difficult to determine the cause of prosopagnosia, but many times individuals will either know that family members are also prosopagnosic or be aware of potential incidents that may have resulted in brain damage

Individuals with developmental prosopagnosia often do not realize that they are unable to recognize faces as well as others. Of course, they have never recognized faces normally so their impairment is not apparent to them. It is also difficult for them to notice, because individuals with normal face recognition rarely discuss their reliance on faces. As a result, there are a number of individuals who have not recognized their prosopagnosia until well into adulthood. We have been contacted by far more developmental prosopagnosics than acquired prosopagnosics, and so it may be that this condition is more common than acquired prosopagnosia.

As you might expect, prosopagnosia can be socially crippling. People with the condition have trouble establishing and maintaining personal and professional relationships, Stahl explained. And many face blind people complain that they have trouble following the plots of TV shows and movies, because they can't keep track of the characters' identities, according the Harvard website.

What causes face blindness? Researchers don't know for sure, but they think it's the result of abnormal function of a region of the brain known as the right fusiform gyrus, according to the website of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The abnormality can be congenital or the result of stroke, brain injury or certain neurodegenerative diseases.


March 21, 2012

Healthy Treatment With Urine Therapy

Urine therapy refers to one of several uses of urine to prevent or cure sickness, to enhance beauty, or to cleanse one's bowels. Most devotees drink the midstream of their morning urine. Some prefer a couple of urine drops mixed with a tablespoon of water applied sublingually several times a day. Many modern Japanese women are said to engage in urine bathing. The truly daring use their own urine as an enema. Urine is not quite the breakfast of champions, but it is the elixir of choice of a number of holy men in India where drinking urine has been practiced for thousands of years. Unlike whiskey, however, urine is always available, everyone carries a supply at all times, and, for most people, there are no intoxicating side effects. 
Furthermore, the urge to overindulge is almost absent when drinking urine.  Many advocates claim that urine is a panacea. Urine is said to be effective against the flu, the common cold, broken bones, toothache, dry skin, psoriasis and all other skin problems. Some enthusiasts see urine therapy as a divine manifestation of cosmic intelligence. Homer Smith (Man and His Gods) once wrote that "man is a machine for turning wine into urine." It may be discovered that one of the chemicals in human urine is effective for fighting cancer. However,  drinking one's own urine is not likely going to supply enough of any cancer-fighting substance to do any good. For example, if you are ingesting more vitamin C (a water soluble vitamin) than your body needs or can process, you will excrete it in your urine. It doesn't follow that drinking your urine is a good way to get vitamin C into your body. 
The reason your urine contains vitamins and minerals is that your body didn't need them or couldn't use them. Even urea, which can be toxic in very high doses, occurs in such minute quantities in the average person's urine that there is very little chance of  poisoning from drinking one's own urine. 
Remember a major component of urine is urea. The presence of urea in the urine is the result of the body's chemical balancing of sodium chloride and water ratio. Urine also can smooth and moisturize the skin. Each time you use it you are effectively smearing urine on your face. According to John Armstrong's 1971 book, The Water of Life, expensive and elegant European facial soaps often contain human, cow or pig urine.
Historical anecdotes have said that drinking urine can prevent strokes and help break down blood clots and scabs. In 1952, G.W. Sobel isolated the enzyme in urine that the folk lore claimed. Urine contains a number of different hormones. Fertility drugs contain estrogens from human urine that stimulate ovulation in women and sperm production in men. Maybe the Zimbabwean tribe that drinks baboon urine in beer as an aphrodisiac has reason to do so. If you're taking Premarin, it's prepared from mares' urine and other natural sources, including human.
Several references recommend drinking urine for sleeplessness. Melatonin is present in significant amounts in the urine, especially morning urine. To entertain the possibility that urine therapy can cure everything from canker sores to cancer seems to be one of those claims. Whether it's the ingestion of urine or its topical application, there seems to be scientific reason, if not scientific testing, that says it makes sense.
Unfortunately, however,  not everybody can just jump right in and start drinking their own urine without negative side effects. The Chinese Association of Urine Therapy Perhaps the evidence was produced at the First World Conference on Urine Therapy which took place in India in February 1996. Since urine is emitted from the same bodily organ used in sex, perhaps it was thought that by drinking one's urine one was swallowing some sort of sexual energizer. In Siberia, some found drinking urine was a way to continue the hallucinogenic and spiritual effects of special mushrooms.

Not only is the urine of another person drunk but an individual may utilize his own urine, frequently still warm, thus prolonging the action of the original mushrooms or renewing their effect several times. 
Drink water from your own cistern, flowing water from your own well. (The Book of Proverbs 5:15)
But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master and to thee to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you? (Isaiah 36:12) (See also 2 Kings 18:27)
More than three million Chinese drink their own urine in the belief it is good for their health, according to the official Xinhua news agency.

March 15, 2012

Progeria.... Too young to already be old

Progeria is a rare genetic condition that produces rapid aging in children. Progeria is a fatal disease characterized by rapid aging in children.  It is rare; of every 4-to-8 million births worldwide, only one baby will have progeria, according to the Progeria Research Foundation. On average, children with the disease die at age 13. 

Premature aging that occurs at about 8 to 10 times the normal rate of aging. Because of this accelerated aging, a child of ten years will have similar respiratory, cardiovascular, and arthritic conditions that a 70-year-old would have. Progeria is the most radical of the ageing illnesses.
While there are different forms of Progeria*, the classic type is Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome, which was named after the doctors who first described it in England; in 1886 by Dr. Jonathan Hutchinson and in 1904 by Dr. Hastings Gilford. 

Its name is derived from Greek and means "prematurely old". The condition is estimated to affect 1 in 4 million newborns with a total reported cases of 140 worldwide since it's been identified in 1886. This estimate has been based on the number of new children with Progeria which becomes annual born. More publications concerning boys than little girls have appeared, but the proportion of little girls and boys with progeria is in Europe at this moment nearly equal (11: 12) (Hennekam RC (2006). Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome: review or the phenotype). Worldwilde there are 80 progeriachildren of which 24 children living in Europe (amongst them 4 in Belgium and 1 in the Netherlands). Children from all races and cultures around the world have been affected.  

Causes, incidence, and risk factors 
Progeria is a rare condition that is remarkable because its symptoms strongly resemble normal human aging, but occur in young children. It usually is not passed down through families. Rarely is it seen in more than one child in a family.
  • Growth failure during the first year of life
  • Narrow, shrunken or wrinkled face
  • Baldness
  • Loss of eyebrows and eyelashes
  • Short stature
  • Large head for size of face (macrocephaly)
  • Open soft spot (fontanelle)
  • Small jaw (micrognathia)
  • Dry, scaly, thin skin
  • Limited range of motion
  • Teeth - delayed or absent formation

Signs and tests
The health care provider will perform a physical exam and order laboratory tests. This may show:
  • Insulin resistance
  • Skin changes similar to that seen in scleroderma (the connective tissue becomes tough and hardened)
  • Cardiac stress testing may reveal signs of early atherosclerosis of blood vessels.
  • Genetic testing can detect changes in the gene that causes progeria.
There is no specific treatment for progeria.


Natural Ways in the morning to reduce stress....

Anxiety can arise immediately upon awakening in the morning. Various sources of anxiety that can arise because the thought of work to do, busy schedule and think about the various problems that may occur. Wake up in a state of fatigue also can cause anxiety. 

One of the best ways to start the day with quiet is the morning ritual of fun. All religions have a ritual morning bath in the river of the Hindus is often done while greeting sunrise to morning prayers in Islam and Christianity 

The focus of reflection is meant to calm down and give spiritual encouragement. Can be done by reading something inspirational, meditate, or focus on what is thankful for in life. 

Morning ritual to reduce anxiety, focus on what is important in the day and give meaning to the events experienced. Humans came to himself often gave his life to something higher so it can spend the day with a good, peaceful and calm. 

"The greatest obstacle to peace in the morning gets really on our own minds, namely how to frame the day," says Judith Orloff, MD, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at the University of California, Los Angeles and author of 'Emotional Freedom: Liberate Yourself From Negative Emotions and Transform Your Life 'as reported, Thursday (03/13/2012). 

Doing some simple ritual soon after waking in the morning can reduce stress and set yourself up to become more productive. The morning is the perfect time to get peace and to give time for yourself. Here are some of the rituals of the morning to reduce stress. 

Write a list of anxiety 
Write down five of the greatest sources of anxiety on paper, then the anxiety would not be ambushed when they woke up the next day. But do not write the list of concerns that in the morning. 

Orloff recommends to meditate for three minutes. Perform breathing exercises, focus, and focus on the positive and beautiful. Do it for just three minutes when you wake up in the morning. Meditation will find peace of mind quickly. Put your hands on the heart during meditation that will add an element of warmth and calm down. 

Familiarize morning ritual 
These rituals can include longer periods of meditation, simple yoga exercises for relaxation or prayer. Make a ritual to be very enjoyable, so do not regard it as merely an obligation. 

Keeping time to sleep 
Anxiety can be overcome by completing the task early or too late before the deadline. Completion delay tasks before going to sleep can cause a restless sleep and feeling tired in the morning.


March 14, 2012

What Effects of PIP Implants For Women

Women concerned about PIP breast implants can find all the latest NHS information about the issue in our Health A-Z section on PIP implants.

Do the implants have to be removed early?
Most breast implants need to be removed or replaced after 10-15 years.

If you are worried?
  • If you had a PIP implant on the NHS, you will receive a letter.
  • Speak to your GP, if you had them done on the NHS, or your clinic if you had them done privately.
  • If you decide you want your implants replaced, the NHS will do it free if your original operation was done on the NHS.
  • If your private clinic no longer exists or refuses to remove the implants, speak to your GP. The NHS will remove your implants if your doctor agrees there is a medical need.
However, the committee said the NHS would remove and replace the implants without charge if patients that the NHS had operated on remained concerned.

The first review will be led by Lord Howe and will address a number of specific issues, including:
  • What information about PIP implants was available from routine systems for reporting adverse events
  • What external concerns about PIP implants were brought to the attention of regulators, and when
Women with potentially harmful PIP breast implants have a year to access Medicare rebates for MRI services to determine whether their implants are structurally sound or have ruptured. The Federal government announced the approval of rebates this week.Federal Member for Forrest Nola Marino urged women to have the scans to diagnose potential health risks, if they have not done so already. “I recommend women with these implants to register with the Therapeutic Goods Administration to demonstrate the full extent of this issue,” Mrs Marino said.

Worthing woman fears PIP implants affected her pregnancies, A Worthing woman fears her breast implants may have killed her babies. Romany Smith, 44, of Worthing, was given the now banned PIP breast implants on the NHS, but fears toxic chemicals could have contributed towards her baby being still born and her suffering a miscarriage.

Ms Smith was first given the implants in 2000 after years of suffering low self esteem because of a tuberous breast deformity. Ms Smith said that amongst other women with PIP implants she has met there is a high occurrence of early onset menopause.  Out of 20 women five had had early onset menopause.


Actor Michael Madsen, was detained on suspicion of child endangerment

Actor Michael Madsen, known for roles in films such as "Thelma & Louise" was arrested for child cruelty after getting into a fight with his teenage son, authorities said on Saturday.

The actor was detained at his home in Malibu on Friday afternoon on suspicion of child endangerment. Madsen reportedly got into a fight with his teenage son after he allegedly caught him smoking pot. Michael, 54, was then held on a charge of child endangerment and cruelty to a child. It's a family matter and Michael asks that his families privacy be respected. 

Police responded to a domestic disturbance in the star's Malibu, Calif., home. Reuters reports that Madsen was charged with child endangerment and cruelty to a child, which are felony charges. Madsen is the father of five sons. With his current wife, Deanna Morgan, the big screen actor has three sons. Upon his release, TMZ asked Madsen for a statement, and the "Reservoir Dogs" star told them "everything's fine."


March 8, 2012

Breakfast Sugary important to Improve Concentration

Sugary foods like donuts are not a super healthy food, but can give the brain the nutrients it needs to start the day effectively. If you have trouble concentrating or remembering things in the morning, often cause adelah because the brain is deprived of sugar is needed in order to function optimally. 

"Sugar is used as an energy source the brain. One reason is because the sugar producing important chemical acetylcholine. This chemical is essential to improve memory, enhance the ability to pay attention and keep the mood," said Dr. Gary L. Wenk, Professor of Psychology, Neuroscience, Immunology and Medical Genetics at Ohio State University Medical Center and author of "Your Brain on Food".

Brain to produce acetylcholine from components derived from the metabolism of sugar called choline. Choline derived from lecithin-containing foods. Lecithin is found in many baked goods such as donuts, cupcakes and chocolate. So, eating chocolate-covered donuts in the morning will give the brain the nutrients it needs to pay attention and learn new things. 

"Billions and billions of nerve cells in the brain requires a constant supply of sugar to maintain the ability to produce energy and communicate with other nerve cells. Nerve cells can only tolerate a lack of sugar for several minutes before he died," said Prof Wenk as reported by, Thursday (08/03/2012). 

Because the sugar content decreased with the passage of time since last meal, the body begins to eat something sweet. As the day wore on, the nerve cells use acetylcholine busy and changing sugar to think and learn. As a result, concentration and alertness also started less.
Towards evening, the low blood sugar levels again causes a decrease in the ability to pay attention and mental slowing. Energy metabolism that are deployed for thinking and learning throughout the day increases the strong chemicals that can kill nerve cells called adenosine. To resolve this, drink coffee. 
Adenosine inhibits the function of acetylcholine and causes the body to become less vigilant. Caffeine in coffee can stem the influence of adenosine and release of acetylcholine which has hampered its function. After drinking coffee, attention spans will increase and the body will be ready to do anything until the effects of caffeine runs out.


February 25, 2012

Baby Breastfeeding Make Orgasm

Orgasm is usually associated with sexual activity, but many women report feeling the excitement when she was breastfeeding her baby. Some women even report the experience of orgasm during or after feeding.In a study conducted in nursing mothers, as much as 40.5 percent of participants reported having felt aroused several times during breast-feeding a baby. A total of 16.7 percent even reported sexual arousal often feel when breastfeeding her baby. 

And in more recent papers from some of the study, noted that 33-50 percent of mothers breast-feeding had an orgasm, even though 25 percent of those surveyed feel guilty. Guilt arises because women are usually considered inappropriate when a mother, stimulated by her own baby. Of course not all the mothers who breastfeed experience of sexual arousal. In fact there are many women who think that the experience as opposed to pleasure. 

What causes a nursing mother can orgasm? 
According to researchers this is caused by oxytocin, the hormone that stimulates milk expenditures and triggered by breast stimulation. 

The hormone oxytocin is also involved in other physiological processes, especially in uterine contractions during childbirth and during orgasm. This hormone is also thought responsible for the feeling of relaxation and experience orgasm without sexual stimulation, like an orgasm when you feel full.


February 15, 2012

Be Careful, Vitamin E Can Make Osteoporosis

Vitamin E is contained naturally in many foods such as vegetable oils, nuts and leafy vegetables. This vitamin is believed to be efficacious as an antioxidant, maintaining health and slowing the aging process. Unfortunately, a study found that vitamin E can lead to bone loss. 

Researchers led by Shu Takeda from Keio University in Tokyo, said the findings are a warning for people who take supplements of vitamin E. Takeda confirms that vitamin E can stimulate cells that cause bone loss or osteoporosis. 

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time so that the person is prone to fractures. The disease is common in older people, especially women. 

The researchers explained that maintaining a balance between bone-forming cells (osteoblasts) and bone destructive cells (osteoclasts) would make the bones stronger. Previous research suggests that vitamin E is beneficial for bone health. However, researchers from Japan discovered the contrary, vitamin E actually trigger the production of bone destructive cells. 

"A healthy bones consist of a dynamic network. To maintain this condition, the necessary balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Understanding the competition of these cells is very important to understand how vitamin E affects bone health," said Dr. Robert Graham, an internist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. 

Research published in the journal Nature Medicine found that vitamin E-deficient mice have higher bone mass because it has less bone damage. Meanwhile, healthy rats that were fed vitamin E with the same levels as found in human supplementation decreased bone mass by 20% within eight weeks. 

Takeda Research also shows that vitamin D can increase bone formation, but vitamin E is the opposite. However, further research is needed to better understand how vitamin E works in humans. 

"Before we started telling people to dispose of its vitamin E supplements, let me state that the results obtained from studies in rats and further research is needed to view the risks and benefits in humans," said Graham.


February 9, 2012

Less Sunlight Can Increase Risk of Stroke

It has long been known that exposure to sunlight is sufficient to nourish the body. New research shows that the amount of sun exposure may play a role in determining the risk of stroke. "We heard a lot about how the sun may be bad for the body, for example in terms of skin cancer. But in sun exposure studies indicate that there may be some positive outcomes associated with exposure to sunlight," says Leslie McClure, a professor of biostatistics at the University of Alabama , Birmingham. 

Prof. McClure and his colleagues will present their findings on February 6, 2012 meeting of the American Stroke Association in New Orleans. To explore the possible connection between the sun and stroke, researchers analyzed data collected from an ongoing study involving more than 30,000 black men and white women over the age of 45 years.

The research team focused on the approximately 16 500 participants, which none had a history of stroke or heart disease when they were enrolled in this study. The study took place between the years 2003-2007. All study participants underwent a physical examination. In addition, all study participants completed questionnaires about their medical history and where they had lived in the past. During follow-up for 5 years, some 351 of 16 500 had a stroke. 

The results showed that those who have a range of low sun exposure risk 1.6 times more likely to suffer a stroke than those getting more sun exposure.The research team also found evidence that those who live in areas with cold climates also showed a higher risk for stroke.

"We still do not know what causes sun exposure associated with risk of stroke. There are many hypotheses, but we really do not understand the mechanism," said Prof. McClure.
Areas with exposure to sunlight may also have low vitamin D levels. Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with higher risk for stroke. Other studies also revealed that people who consume more vitamin D had 11 percent lower risk of stroke.


January 26, 2012

Working Over Than 11 Hours Depression Risk Fold Up 2 Times

Hard work without knowing the rest is bound to trigger a stress both physically and mentally. Even the risk of depression can be increased up to 2-fold if someone spends time 11 hours / day just to take care of the job. 

Joint research team from the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health and University College London revealed that after an examination of some 2,000 British civil servants. The respondents were aged between 35 and 55 years. 

In these observations, the respondents were asked to fill out questionnaires related to hours of work and other habits related to healthy lifestyle everyday. A history of alcohol consumption were also observed, because it is also associated with risk of depression. 

From the observations, the researchers concluded that working hours are directly related to the risk of stress and depression. When someone works up to 11 hours a day, the risk of depression increased to 2 times higher than if the work only 7-8 hours a day. 

In addition, the study also revealed that depressed women are more vulnerable than men when both worked for a long time. Other groups are also vulnerable to depression are young, relatively low salaries and have a habit of drinking alcohol. 

The impact of fatigue on the job long terlau most widely perceived psychologically, the stressful thoughts that make concentration difficult and sometimes people so easily offended. If not addressed, the impact can also affect the immune system so easy illness.

"People who work too long the performance is not efficient. Keep in mind health and risk factors of stress they experienced," wrote one of the researchers, Marianna Virtanen in the journal PLoS ONE as quoted by the Telegraph.


January 18, 2012

Chip to Find Out Patients Stomach Contents

A drug company has found a chip that can be eaten and know the ingredients in the patient's abdomen. The chip is made with the aim to alert patients and physicians if patients do not take medication regularly. The chip will record the details of the pills that have been swallowed by the patient appropriately. The device is smaller than a grain of sand, and can trigger the transmission of medical information from the patient's body to a cell phone family or caregiver. 

The goal is to develop a 'smart drug' that can help patients and caregivers to keep track of what pill is taken and when to drink it. This tool can ensure that the complex substances of the drug is able to work effectively. 

Lloyds pharmacy companies from the UK intends to sell microchips made by Proteus Biomedical California later this year. The company will test whether patients in the UK is ready to pay to ensure that they or their families to take medicine properly. 

"There is a big problem if the drugs are not taken properly. Anyone who prescribed several drugs to know how easy it is to forget to take medication or forgetting to take tablets is right," said Steve Gray, director of health services Lloyds pharmacy. 

According to Gray, the World Health Organization (WHO) has found that about half of all patients fail to take the medicine properly. This can lead to patients not getting the full benefit of treatment, or cause dangerous side effects. The drugs are not used is estimated to cost? 400 million in almost a year. 

As reported by The Independent, Wednesday (18/01/2012), Proteus developed technology is based on sensors that can be digested. The sensor consists of ingredients commonly found in foods and is activated when in contact with gastric fluid. 

This is the core technology that separates the small silicon small amounts of copper and magnesium, which effectively forms a microscopic battery that generates electrical current when immersed in the acidic stomach environment. 

This electric current can be fitted individually specific information to be matched with drugs taken by a sensor that can be eaten and is detected by a skin patch attached to the patient. Patches or patch it works the way the leather patch on the electrocardiogram (ECG) to record electrical currents on the heart. 

The patch is designed to be worn for seven days, including a flexible battery and a chip that records the information and sends it to the Bluetooth technology to mobile caregivers, family, or doctors. 

 "In the future, the goal is to create a fully integrated system and to create information products that help patients and families to meet the demands of complex treatment. We have created a lot of drugs with great potential, but a lot of potential is not realized because the drug is not used correctly, "said Andrew Thompson, chief executive and founder of Proteus Biomedical.


January 2, 2012

The Secrets of Okinawa People That Longevity

Okinawa, an island in Japan, famous as having the number of centenarians (people aged 100 years or more) in the world. The incidence of heart disease, dementia, and cancer in this region is very low compared to other countries. 

What's the secret? In Okinawa, they practice the Ivy hachi bu, or eating up to 80 percent full. They are not accustomed to overeating. Spiritual lifestyle that they played, like with regular prayer and meditation, is believed to reduce stress levels and also related to their longevity.

Meanwhile, the low incidence of cancer in Okinawa due to their high-fiber diet. They also mengasup rice, soybeans, fruits, omega-3 derived from fish, and rarely eat red meat and dairy. 

Social support from family and friends is also very strong here. The elderly population is also still active in the association. "Strong social ties not only reduces stress but also prevent disease and create a long life," says Dan Buettner, a researcher, regarding longevity. 

Buettner Okinawa classify as one of the blue zone in the world. Zone which has a population of up to 100 years old and stay healthy including Italy, Greece, California, and Costa Rica.